Republic Day is a national festival of India, which is celebrated on 26 January every year. The Constitution of India was enacted on the same day in 1950. To become an independent republic and to establish the rule of law in the country, this constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and implemented on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system. 26 January was chosen because it was on this day in 1930 that the Indian National Congress (INC) declared India a complete Swaraj. Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti are the three major national holidays in India.
Happy Republic Day Images
History of Republic Day:
In December 1929, in Lahore, the Indian National Congress (session Jawaharlal Nehru) presided over the resolution in which it was passed that if the British government was to reach India by 26 January 1930 would not give the post of autonomous investment (Dominion), under which India would become a self-governing unit in the British Empire itself, then India would be completely independent. Until 26 January 1930, when the British government did nothing, the Congress declared the determination of complete independence of India on that day and started its active movement. From that day until the attainment of independence in 1947, 26 January was celebrated as Independence Day. After this, 15 August was accepted as the Independence Day of India. In order to maintain the importance of 26 January, the Constitution accepted by the Constituent Assembly (Constituent Assembly) recognized the republican form of India.
Republic Day celebration:
The first President Rajendra Prasad, who has attended the first Republic ceremony (in a horse cart) on the Rajpath, hoists the Indian National Flag by the President of India on Republic Day celebrations on January 26 and thereafter. The national anthem is sung standing in a collective. Republic Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country, especially in the capital of India, Delhi.
To mark the significance of the occasion, a grand parade is held every year from India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s residence) on the Rajpath in the capital, New Delhi. Various regiments of the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy etc. all take part in this grand parade. Children from all parts of the country come from the National Cadet Corps and various schools to participate in this function, it is an honour to participate in the ceremony.
Inaugurating the parade, Prime Minister Amar Jawan Jyoti (a memorial to the soldiers), placing a wreath on the India Gate at one end of Rajpath. After this, two minutes of silence is kept in memory of the martyred soldiers. It is a memorial of the sacrifices of martyrs who sacrificed for the country in the war and independence movement fought to protect the sovereignty of the country. After this, the Prime Minister, along with other persons, comes to the dais at Rajpath, the President later with the Chief Guest of the occasion.
Check Out these Attractive Images:
There are also exhibitions of various states in the parade, the exhibition presents a visualization of the specialities of the people of every state, their folk songs and art. Every exhibition exhibits India’s diversity and cultural richness. The parade and procession are broadcast on national television and are watched by crores of viewers in every corner of the country. Millions of people gather at the Red Fort to hear the speech given by the President and Prime Minister of India.
Facts about Republic Day:
1. 26 January, is celebrated every year as Republic Day. 26 January was also chosen as Republic Day because in 1930, on this day, the Indian National Congress declared India as Swaraj. The Indian Constitution was enacted on this day in 1950 at 10:18 minutes. And after 6 minutes, the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as President at the Government House.
2. Indian constitution was written completely by hand, which is both in Hindi and English. The original copy of the hand-written constitution is kept in the library of Parliament House in boxes filled with Helium.
3. On the occasion of Republic Day, the President hoists the tricolor on the Rajpath and the Prime Minister Amar Jawan Jyoti pays homage to the martyrs who sacrificed in the freedom of the country.
4. As such, every year on the celebration of Republic Day, some country is invited as the chief guest. But do you know who came as the chief guest on India’s first Republic Day? The President of Indonesia was the chief guest for the Republic Day of India on 26 January 1950.
5. Every regiment on Rajpath take part during the Republic Day celebrations but for the first time in 2017, the country’s most powerful Army NSG commandos took part and gave there had shown courage.
6. During the parade, the President is given a 21-gun salute. This salute is given before the national anthem begins and after it ends.
8. It took about 2 years 11 months and 18 days to prepare the Constitution of India. The task of writing the Indian constitution was given to a draft committee headed by Dr BR Ambedkar.
9. There are two copies of the Indian Constitution, one in English and one in Hindi. Both copies of the Constitution of India are handwritten.
10. Indian constitution is the longest constitution written in the world. There are 444 articles 23 divided into 22 articles and 12 schedules.) On the eve of Republic Day, awards like Kirti Chakra, Padma Awards and Bharat Ratna are announced. These awards are then given on Republic Day.
11. Before Republic Day, the country followed the Government of India Act, 1935, which was compiled and prescribed by the British Government.
12. The Indian Air Force came into existence as an independent body on Republic Day. Earlier, the Air Force was a controlled body. 13. On the occasion of Republic Day, the President, along with his security forces, sits in a 14 horse-drawn buggy at India Gate where he is welcomed by the Prime Minister.